Composer
Alexander Lazarevich Lokshin
(1920-1987)

 

This composer who was called "genius" by Dmitry Shostakovich, the author of 11 symphonies, an Artist who had a critical view on the surrounding reality and who never searched for compromises for his career's sake, had to endure a double persecution in and after his life. 
     First, he had been expelled from the Moscow Conservatory after the WW-2 and he could never more find a job because his music was blamed as "wrong" by the Communist Party officials. 
     Second, he had been slandered by the KGB, and then his music and his name fell victim of the meticulous silencing and slandering campaign waged for many years by influential members of the liberally thinking camp looking for revenge on the "Evil Genius" (more..).
     This web site makes use of the information freedom to restore the justice and to render the music of Alexander L. Lokshin accessible to everybody.

http://lokshin.org


ABOUT VOLPIN
by A.A.Lokshin, the composer's son

The campaign against Lokshin and Lokshin’s music really did not expire, see e.g.

http://blog.codaex.de/2012/09/various-alexander-lokshin-three-symphonies-and-hungarian-fantasia/

http://www.wienerzeitung.at/themen_channel/musik/klassik_oper/508641_Im-Raederwerk-der-Diktatur.html?em_cnt=508641&em_comment=1

The reason of the campaign is, in my opinion, a CD with Lokshin’s music which has won the “Diapason d’Or”. They expose Lokshin referring now to Volpin. Therefore I have to answer to the exposers.
Recently I have read excellent memo
ires by Mikhail Calenko with a promising title: "A look back with unseeing eyes" http://7iskusstv.com/2013/Nomer3/Calenko1.php However, the Mikhail Calenko’s article needs a clarification. Without such clarification its ending is half-beneficial to the Lubyanka creators of the Volpin light image against the background of a black image of Lokshin.

Mikhail Calenko writes:

<< In 1945, when he [Nikolay Williams] finished the second year of University, HE WAS ARRESTED TOGETHER WITH OTHER STUDENTS FOR READING THE POEM BY A.S. ESENIN-VOLPIN "A SPRING LEAF" AND CONDEMNED TO FIVE YEARS. As to Esenin-Volpin himself (Esenin’s son , specialist in mathematical logic), he was found mentally ill and exiled to Kazakhstan. <...> The name of Kolya’s [Nikolay Williams’] famous grandfather did not help, and he spent five years in the Gulag... >>

Volpin wasn’t arrested in 1945, as the reader may be thinking after having read the article by M.Calenko. Volpin’s arrest occurred in 1949. ONE CAN ONLY GUESS ABOUT HOW MANY PEOPLE WERE ARRESTED FOR VOLPIN’S POETRY READING DURING THESE FOUR YEARS. Apparently, Volpin was allowed to read (aloud) the same verses.

I have never believed Volpin to be a provocateur deliberately working for Lubyanka. But I have no doubt that he was used as a bait. Especially because a listening device flied in front of his nose (see "The Musician in Wonderland", ed. 2 [in Russian]; www.lokshin.org).

Moscow, March 30, 2013


ABOUT PROKHOROVA - AN ORDINARY MURACLE

A.A.Lokshin

There are some events that you can either take a miracle happened, or explain by a trivial favor of special services ...

***

Here's  the questionnaire filled in 1947 by my father, who was then working as an assistant at the Moscow Conservatory:

Profile from the personal file of A.L.Lokshin (Original of the document is in the archives of the Moscow Conservatory.The text typed in italics signifies my father’s handwriting.)

<< Lokshin Alexander Lazarevich!

The Personnel Department of Conservatory asks you to urgently [!] answer the following questions:

1. Have you ever been abroad (where, when and by whom directed) - No

2. Have you any relatives abroad (where, who) - No

3. Were your relatives repressed - No

Personal signature

22/II 47 A.L.Lokshin >>

Here is a similar form, which was filled in 1947 by Yuri Orlov (later а well-known physicist and human rights activist) when entering the University. I quote from his book "Dangerous Thoughts" (Moscow, 2008, p.87-88):

<<In the Admission Commission of the Faculty of Physical Engineering they warned that the exams will be difficult, but I’ve found myself even too well prepared. On August 15 my name appeared on the list of passes. <...> It appeared, however, that it does not mean that I was accepted to the University. It was necessary to fill a questionnaire issuing from the Special Department in which I had to confirm that:

Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives served in the White Armies.

 Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives took part in opposition.

Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives were abroad (except for service in the Red Army).

Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives were subjected to repressions.

Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives were excluded from the Communist Party.

Neither I, nor any of my closest relatives had  fluctuations with respect to the Party line.

As regards my closest relatives, everything was true, except, perhaps, Petya (who had fluctuated). As for me, I have already not fluctuated, but swung hard. However, one would have to be an absolute idiot to honestly answer their questions. After having honestly answered a question  one would  get in for questioning. I did not hesitate for a second, by hiding my hesitation. There was no other way to get a good education and even a college education: the same questionnaire should be filled in all the Soviet institutes and universities [my emphasis – A.L.]. >>

The fact that Vera Prokhorova with her incredible pedigree, which, I believe, it was impossible to conceal, was able to slip, without bad consequences, through a similar survey in 1947 at the prestigious Institute of Foreign Languages (IFL), this is certainly a miracle.

But even a greater miracle is Vera Prokhorova’s receipt to the mentioned IFL in 1936.

I quote:

<< Vera [Prokhorova]’s mother, Nadezhda Nikolaevna, was nee Guchkova. The Moscow Mayor Nikolai Guchkov was her father. Alexander Guchkov [1864, Moscow Province - 1936, Paris] was her uncle. He was the one whose each position was a sedition, according to the Soviet historiography: the founder and leader of Octo Party, the Chairman of III State Duma, the War Minister of Provisional Government [and one of the organizers of the Intervention]. With such a pedigree, it was impossible to find a job in the Soviet Union; moreover, it was impossible to live [emphasis added -A.L.]. >> See Grigoriev, A. "Prokhorovs from the Three Mountains" - Izvestia, May 12, 1998.

After reading the Grigoriev’s article the modern reader would think that "with such a pedigree it was impossible to live" is ​​a metaphor. But this is not a metaphor.

The fact is that after the revolution A.I.Guchkov did not depart from affairs, and until his death (that is until the year of Prokhorova’s entry into IFL) continued to actively fight against the Soviets. One of Guchkov’s , employees,  A.I. Ksyunin, "who lived in Belgrade and was carrying out there a number of tasks given by Guchkov and Skoblin" [1], had left the most interesting testimony. I quote from the article [2]:

<< On February 15, 1934 the journalist Alexey Ksyunin reported... to Guchkov  the following:

“The radio station in Belgium (and perhaps in Luxembourg also) was arranged one and a half years ago ... by an anti-communist publishing group.”

Thus, according to Ksyunin, irregular broadcasts were conducted at least since August 1932. In a letter to Guchkov dated May 23, 1934 he reported that "the radio station is created by the anti-communist society "Sillak". What kind of society is it and till what time it was conducting the broadcasts, I failed to find out. But the fact is that we are dealing with public initiatives. ">>

I continue quoting from [2]:

<<One of the references from the Guchkov fund (dated 1934) also refers to attempts to broadcasting in the Far East: "Besides Baptist station in Manchuria, there is another station, which is sending to Russia the anti-Soviet propaganda. This station is placed on a commercial boat which is floating along the Songhua River. The command of the steamer consists entirely of Russian. The material for broadcasting is received from Harbin and also from Geneva organization of Auber ">>.

And here's another quote [3]:

<< Being a man of action, he [Guchkov] is one of the pillars of an open counter-revolution: sabotage, sending agents into Soviet territory, even acts of terrorism. In the early thirties Guchkov frequenly visited Berlin, where he met with Nazi leaders and was preparing the "penetration" into the enemy territory [that is, into Russia]. >>

In addition to this I quote a note by N.V.Volsky (see [1]):

<<[In the 1930s] Guchkov  had a relationship not only with the German Embassy in Moscow, but also with senior officials of the German Reichswehr and officials in Germany. He led a great correspondence with the Germans, it was not the usual way, but in a way that he believed "conspiratorial" ...

Looking back, one can consider Guchkov’s situation as a tragic one.   Skoblin, and  Guchkov’s own daughter, and the young Strange, they all followed his every step and denounced  [to the NKVD]. >>

Unexplainable miracles in the biography of Vera Ivanovna are going off-scale ... In the year of her receipt into the Institute of Foreign Languagrs her granduncle actively corresponded with the highest ranks of the German army, and all this correspondence was going under the control of NKVD!

And now, I adduce an extra touch to the abovementioned miracles.

I quote the same old story by Grigoryev:

<<I was liberated [in 1956] exactly six years after the arrest <...> I [i.e., Vera Prokhorova] was rehabilitated, they told me that at any work I have the right not to mention about staying in the Gulag. But where shall I do with these six years? You can write that you’ve worked in the KGB [emphasis added – A.L.] ... God forbid, this is still not enough! >>

With all due deference to Prokhorova’s gray hairs and her hardships, I give her removal as a prosecution witness. (And this is regardless of the fact that her allegations against my father have turned out to be contradictory; see [4].)

P.S. A few words about the characters:

 Skoblin -  General of the White Army (agent of the NKVD,  husband of a famous songstress Plevitskaya, also agentessy);

Guchkov’s  daughter-  a Soviet intelligence agent Vera Guchkova-Suvchinskaya-Trail;

 journalist A.I.Ksyunin  had committed a suicide in 1938 after learning of Skoblin’s betrayal .

Moscow, May 14, 2013

[1] Berberova, N. “People and lodges”. – Moscow, 1997, p.256 - 259.

[2] "Govorzhi, Moskva! Jan Slavik, Russian emigration, and broadcasting to Soviet Russia "/ Russian word, 2008, № 7; www.ruslovo.cz/articles/331/

[3] Brossat, A. “A Group Portrait with a Lady” (a chapter from the book "The Agents of Moscow") / Moscow: Inostrannaya Literatura, 1989, № 12, p.244.

[4] Lokshin, A.A. “Musician in the Wonderland”. – Moscow, 2012.


ABOUT RICHTER

A.A.Lokshin, the composer's son

People who have something to hide, should not write their memoirs. Sometimes, the fact of something being left unsaid turns out to be more eloquent than any words ...

***

Finally, it’s time to pose the question of whether Svyatoslav Richter was linked to Lubyanka. The answer to this question is still important for the history of my father. After all, Richter was the most powerful exposer of Lokshin (namely Richter, referring to Lokshin, had predicted to Vera Prokhorova: "Because of him you will go to jail"). (Later, in her book "Four friends on the background of the century", Prokhorova called Richter’s prediction "amazing.")

There is no doubt that it is the Richter’s musical authority that made Lokshin an unperformable composer.

So that the reader could form his/her own answer to this question, I provide some guidance.

1. First, there exists an article by Arthur Shtilman [1], which describes an episode from biography of the famous violinist Boris Goldstein.  In my opinion, in [1] Richter appears as a totally bonded person realizing quite nasty wishes he received IN A PLACE WHERE THEY DO EXPRESS SUCH WISHES. As far as I know, the facts stated by A. Shtilman have never been challenged.

2. Andrey Gavrilov, in his recent book "Chainik, Fira and Andrey" (the Chapter "Enigma") characterizes Richter as follows:

"A free man? What freedom is spoken about? Richter was THEIR slave, THEIR faithful dog. Otherwise – he would not live a year after the execution of his father and his mother's defection. "

The facts from Richter's biography mentioned by Gavrilov were well known, but nobody else dared to make obvious conclusions from these facts.

3. I think, however, that any person with nationality “German” in the passport, who stayed in Moscow (like Richter did) after the order to evict Germans was imposed (September 1941) and the state of siege was introduced (October 1941), would have lived (except in the case of a special favorable attitude to him on the part of the NKVD), no longer than a week – prior to the first night inspection of passports. He would have been shot on the spot as a German spy.

4. The famous Richter’s resettlement to Prokhorova’s apartment is the most important (and perhaps the most dramatic) fact from the whole Richter’s biography. However, in the book by Bruno Monsaingeon [2] there is not a single word about the relocation (!) Thus, it is worth quoting in this regard Richter himself: "A biography – it is the lowest thing. <...> It should be more fog there ". [3]

In my "Mousetrap" [4] I have hypothesized that this relocation was carefully planned by the NKVD. (On the return of incorrectly executed agenda as a specific method, see [5]).

The fact is that Richter,when "hiding" lived quite openly. Almost every day he visited his old apartment in Moscow and showed no fear [6]. All this seems absolutely fantastic.

On the other hand, in Murmansk and Leningrad things were exactly the opposite [2, p.57-58]:

 <<... The local authorities [in Murmansk] alarmed: " How can it be? You are German? Here? Blah-blah-blah! Oh, no! "With the first train I was sent back to Moscow>>;

<<And once again I had to pack.  For the umpteenth time they started checking my passport. "You cannot stay here [in Leningrad] , you are German! “ >>

So, we are obliged to believe that in Moscow, at the time of the siege, for some reason they did not check Richter’s passport at all.

Now, I adduce the historical context [7]:

"It seems that since the Germans did not enter the city [i.e.Moscow], NKVD simply turned the underground-trained volunteers in the usual informants."

Moscow, May 2013

[1] http://berkovich-zametki.com/2006/Starina/Nomer7/Shtilman1.htm

[2] Monsaingeon, B. "Richter. Diaries. Dialogues. " - Moscow, 2007.

[3] Borisov, Y. “Towards Richter”. - Moscow, 2003, p.75. http://do.gendocs.ru/docs/index-81957.html

[4] http://berkovich-zametki.com/2007/Zametki/Nomer13/ALokshin1.htm

[5] Sarnoff, B. “TheEvil Empire: Nonfictional Stories”. - Moscow: Novaya Gazeta, 2011, p.51.

[6] “XX century in the history of a destiny ..." (an interview taken from V.I.Prokhorova). - Newspaper KIFA, 07.06. 2010. http://gazetakifa.ru/content/view/3475/  

Below I adduce an important fragment from the interview:

 << Prokhorova:  Yes. On November 4, 1941 Professor Heinrich Neuhaus, the husband of my cousin Milica Sergeevna, had been arrested. At that time Sviatoslav Richter was registered at the apartment of professor Neuhaus . Three days later, they came for Svyatoslav. It was written in the   subpoena: "Lichter must come to the police station." He said: "I am not Lichter, but Richter, and I’ll not go anywhere." My aunt was married to Neuhaus (for him it was the second marriage). And MY MOTHER AND AUNT IMMEDIATELY ARRANGED [emphasis added – A.L.] that Sviatoslav should move to our apartment on the Furmanov street. "Through the efforts of" the KGB, which in 1941 had arrested my uncle, aunt and my cousin, Svyatoslav had a room, and throughout the war he lived with us . And he never showed any fear. He went every other day or every day to the aunt Milica. I told him: "You may also be arrested." And he said: "No, I go quietly, reading a book, even on the road. They will not think I'm hiding. " And so it was. >>

The fact that Prokhorova’s mother was working at the Intourist since 1930 [8] (the Intourist was formally separated from the NKVD in 1938; see [9]), obviously supports my suggestion given in [ 4].

 [7] Mlechin, L. “One Day without Stalin. Moscow, October 41th year”. - Moscow, 2012, p.287.

[8] Prokhorova, V. “Four friends on the background of the century”. - Moscow: AST, 2012, p.45.

[9] "Lubyanka, Stalin and the NKVD - KGB - GUKR" SMERSH" 1939 - March 1946" / Ed. A.N.Yakovlev. – Moscow: Materik, 2006, pp.15-16.